Northrop Grumman Reports Second Quarter 2012 Financial Results
FALLS CHURCH, Va. - July 25, 2012 - Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE:NOC) reported second quarter 2012 earnings from continuing operations of $480 million, or $1.88 per diluted share, compared with $520 million, or $1.81 per diluted share, in the second quarter of 2011. On a pension-adjusted basis, earnings per diluted share from continuing operations increased 13 percent to $1.79 from $1.59. During the quarter the company repurchased 4.9 million shares of its common stock for approximately $295 million; $1.1 billion remains on its current share repurchase authorization.
"Our businesses continue to perform well, and we continue to create value through a combination of performance and effective cash deployment. We're especially pleased with this quarter's robust level of new business capture, the increase in total backlog, and our strong cash generation. Based on the strength of our year-to-date results, we are again increasing our earnings guidance to a range of $7.05 to $7.25 per share," said Wes Bush, chairman, chief executive officer and president.
Table 1 — Financial Highlights
Second quarter 2012 segment operating income of $782 million was comparable to the prior year period, and segment operating margin rate improved by 50 basis points to 12.5 percent. Higher segment margin rate was primarily due to higher operating income at Information Systems and Technical Services.
Second quarter 2012 operating income decreased $67 million, or 8 percent, and operating margin rate totaled 12.3 percent. The change over the prior year period is principally due to a $64 million decrease in net FAS/CAS pension adjustment. On a pension-adjusted basis, operating income was comparable to the prior year period, and pension-adjusted operating margin rate expanded 50 basis points to 11.8 percent from 11.3 percent.
Second quarter 2012 net earnings totaled $480 million, or $1.88 per diluted share, compared with $520 million, or $1.81 per diluted share, in the second quarter of 2011. Second quarter 2012 diluted earnings per share are based on 254.7 million weighted average shares outstanding compared with 287.2 million shares in the second quarter of 2011, an 11 percent decrease.
Table 2 — Cash Flow Highlights
Cash provided by continuing operations through June 30, 2012, increased to $771 million from $78 million in the prior year, due to lower retiree benefit funding and working capital requirements than in the prior year period. In the second quarter of 2011, the company made a discretionary contribution to its pension plans that impacted cash flows by $412 million on an after-tax basis. Through June 30, 2012, trade working capital improved by $256 million from the prior year period. Free cash flow from continuing operations through June 30, 2012, totaled $639 million compared with a use of $139 million in the prior year due to the cash trends mentioned above and lower capital spending than in the prior year period.
2012 Guidance Updated
Table 3 — Cash Measurements, Debt and Capital Deployment
Changes in cash and cash equivalents include the following items for cash from operations, investing and financing through June 30, 2012:
• $771 million provided by continuing operations
• $132 million for capital expenditures
• $555 million for repurchases of common stock
• $265 million for dividends
• $67 million proceeds from exercises of stock options
Table 4 — Business Results
Consolidated Sales & Segment Operating Income1
Federal and foreign income tax expense totaled $247 million in the second quarter of 2012 compared with $268 million in the prior year period. The 34 percent effective tax rate for the 2012 second quarter was unchanged from the prior year period.
Effective Jan. 1, 2012, the company transferred its missile business, principally the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) program, previously reported in Aerospace Systems to Technical Services. Schedule 6 presents the previously reported and recast results following the realignment.
Aerospace Systems second quarter 2012 sales declined 3 percent due to lower volume for space systems and military aircraft programs, which more than offset higher volume for advanced programs and technology and unmanned systems programs, including Fire Scout and NATO AGS. Space systems sales declined due to lower volume for restricted programs and the termination of a weather satellite program. Military aircraft sales declined due to lower program volume for the B-2 and the F-35 (due to the adoption of units-of-delivery revenue recognition beginning with low rate initial production lot 5) and fewer F/A-18 deliveries than in the prior year period. Lower volume for these military aircraft programs more than offset higher volume for the E-2D program.
Aerospace Systems second quarter 2012 operating income declined 9 percent and operating margin rate declined to 12.1 percent from 12.9 percent. The change in operating income and margin rate reflects lower volume and the F/A-18 program's transition from the multi-year 2 contract to the lower margin multi-year 3 contract, as well as a favorable adjustment in the prior year period for the restructuring of a weather satellite program.
Electronic Systems second quarter 2012 sales declined 3 percent, which reflects the company's previously announced decision to de-emphasize its domestic postal automation business. Sales were also impacted by lower volume for international postal automation and laser systems, and infrared countermeasures program transitions. Declines in these programs were partially offset by higher volume for space systems programs.
Electronic Systems second quarter 2012 operating income declined 3 percent, consistent with lower volume, with operating margin rate comparable to the prior year period at 15.8 percent.
Information Systems second quarter 2012 sales declined 9 percent due to lower volume in all three business areas. Lower defense systems volume primarily reflects the termination of the Joint Tactical Radio System Airborne, Maritime and Fixed (JTRS AMF) program and lower volume for the F-22 as that program winds down. Civil systems volume was reduced by the sale of the County of San Diego IT outsourcing contract, which contributed sales of $21 million in the 2011 second quarter. For intelligence systems, lower volume primarily due to program completions impacted sales for the quarter.
Despite lower sales, Information Systems second quarter 2012 operating income increased 7 percent and operating margin rate increased to 10.9 percent from 9.3 percent. Higher operating income and margin rate primarily reflect improved civil systems performance, which more than offset the impact of lower volume.
Technical Services second quarter 2012 sales increased 1 percent due to higher volume for integrated logistics and modernization programs. Higher volume for these programs more than offset lower volume for defense and government services programs that resulted from portfolio shaping and lower volume on the ICBM program.
Technical Services second quarter 2012 operating income increased 19 percent, and operating margin rate increased to 9.5 percent from 8.0 percent, due to risk mitigation on a defense and government services program for the Department of Homeland Security.
About Northrop Grumman
Northrop Grumman will webcast its earnings conference call at 11:30 a.m. Eastern time on July 25, 2012. A live audio broadcast of the conference call along with a supplemental presentation will be available on the investor relations page of the company's website at www.northropgrumman.com.
Northrop Grumman is a leading global security company providing innovative systems, products and solutions in aerospace, electronics, information systems, and technical services to government and commercial customers worldwide. Please visit www.northropgrumman.com for more information.
This release and the attachments contain statements, other than statements of historical fact, that constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as "expect," "intend," "may," "could," "plan," "project," "forecast," "believe," "estimate," "outlook," "anticipate," "trends," "guidance," and similar expressions generally identify these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this release and the attachments include, among other things, financial guidance regarding future sales, segment operating income, pension expense, employer contributions under pension plans and medical and life benefits plans, cash flow and earnings. Forward-looking statements are based upon assumptions, expectations, plans and projections that we believe to be reasonable when made. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and inherently involve a wide range of risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in these forward-looking statements due to factors such as: the effect of economic conditions in the United States and globally; changes in government and customer priorities and requirements (including, government budgetary constraints, shifts in defense spending, changes in import and export policies, and changes in customer short-range and long-range plans); access to capital; future sales and cash flows; the timing of cash receipts; effective tax rates and timing and amounts of tax payments; returns on pension plan assets, interest and discount rates and other changes that may impact pension plan assumptions; retiree medical expense; the outcome of litigation, claims, audits, appeals, bid protests and investigations; the adequacy of our insurance coverage and recoveries (including earthquake-related coverage); the costs of environmental remediation; our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel; the costs of capital investments; changes in organizational structure and reporting segments; risks associated with acquisitions, dispositions, spin-off transactions, joint ventures, strategic alliances and other business arrangements; possible impairments of goodwill or other intangible assets; the effects of legislation, rulemaking, and changes in accounting, tax or defense procurement rules or regulations; the acquisition or termination of contracts; technical, operational or quality setbacks in contract performance; our ability to protect intellectual property rights; risks associated with our nuclear operations; issues with, and financial viability of, key suppliers and subcontractors; availability of materials and supplies; controlling costs of fixed-price development programs; contractual performance relief and the application of cost sharing terms; allowability and allocability of costs under U.S. Government contracts; progress and acceptance of new products and technology; domestic and international competition; legal, financial and governmental risks related to international transactions; potential security threats, information technology attacks, natural disasters and other disruptions not under our control; and other risk factors disclosed in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
You should not put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements in this release. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this release, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements after we distribute this release. This release and the attachments also contain non-GAAP financial measures. A reconciliation to the nearest GAAP measure and a discussion of the company's use of these measures are included in this release or the attachments.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures Disclosure: Today's press release contains non-GAAP (accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America) financial measures, as defined by SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) Regulation G and indicated by a footnote in the text of the release. While we believe that these non-GAAP financial measures may be useful in evaluating our financial information, they should be considered as supplemental in nature and not as a substitute for financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. Definitions are provided for the non-GAAP measures and reconciliations are provided in the body of the release. References to a "Table" in the definitions below relate to tables in the body of this press release. Other companies may define these measures differently or may utilize different non-GAAP measures.
Pension-adjusted diluted EPS from continuing operations: Diluted EPS from continuing operations excluding the after-tax net pension adjustment per share, as defined below. These per share amounts are provided for consistency and comparability of operating results. Management uses pension-adjusted diluted EPS from continuing operations, as reconciled in Table 1, as an internal measure of financial performance.
Cash provided by (used in) continuing operations before discretionary pension contributions: Cash provided by continuing operations before the after-tax impact of discretionary pension contributions. Cash provided by continuing operations before discretionary pension contributions has been provided for consistency and comparability of 2012 and 2011 financial performance and is reconciled in Table 2.
Free cash flow provided by (used in) continuing operations: Cash provided by continuing operations less capital expenditures (including outsourcing contract & related software costs). We use free cash flow from continuing operations as a key factor in our planning for, and consideration of, strategic acquisitions, stock repurchases and the payment of dividends. This measure should not be considered in isolation, as a measure of residual cash flow available for discretionary purposes, or as an alternative to operating results presented in accordance with GAAP. Free cash flow from continuing operations is reconciled in Table 2.
Free cash flow provided by (used in) continuing operations before discretionary pension contributions: Free cash flow from continuing operations before the after-tax impact of discretionary pension contributions. We use free cash flow from continuing operations before discretionary pension contributions as a key factor in our planning for, and consideration of, strategic acquisitions, stock repurchases and the payment of dividends. This measure should not be considered in isolation, as a measure of residual cash flow available for discretionary purposes, or as an alternative to operating results presented in accordance with GAAP. Free cash flow from continuing operations before discretionary pension contributions is reconciled in Table 2.
Net pension adjustment: Pension expense determined in accordance with GAAP less pension expense allocated to the operating segments under U.S. Government Cost Accounting Standards (CAS). Net pension adjustment is presented in Table 1.
After-tax net pension adjustment per share: The per share impact of the net pension adjustment as defined above, after tax at the statutory rate of 35%, provided for consistency and comparability of 2012 and 2011 financial performance as presented in Table 1.
Pension-adjusted operating income: Operating income before net pension adjustment as reconciled in Table 1. Management uses pension-adjusted operating income as an internal measure of financial performance.
Pension-adjusted operating margin rate: Pension-adjusted operating income as defined above, divided by sales. Management uses pension-adjusted operating margin rate, as reconciled in Table 1, as an internal measure of financial performance.
Segment operating income: Total earnings from our four segments including allocated pension expense recognized under CAS. Reconciling items to operating income are unallocated corporate expenses, including unallowable or unallocable portions of management and administration, legal, environmental, certain compensation and retiree benefits, and other expenses; net pension adjustment; and reversal of royalty income included in segment operating income. Management uses segment operating income, as reconciled in Table 4, as an internal measure of financial performance of our individual operating segments.
Segment operating margin rate: Segment operating income as defined above, divided by sales. Management uses segment operating margin rate, as reconciled in Table 4, as an internal measure of financial performance.
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